Neck papillomas are elongated or rounded growths that are very often caused by HPV (human papillomavirus). It is impossible to completely eliminate this infection from the body; various methods of resection are much more accessible.
In addition to the problem of elimination, questions arise regarding the prevention of the onset and recurrence of the disease, strengthening of the immune system. Infection can cause neoplasms to increase in size and increase in their number.
Most often, people with suppressed immunity between the ages of 30 and 40 suffer from the manifestations of papillomavirus.
Symptoms of HPV
The papilloma virus can have the following manifestations:
- Warts- Warts with jagged edges, similar to cauliflower.
- Warts- small growths on the skin.
- Bowenoid papulosis- multiple small rashes.
Important!Many people believe that polyps in the intestines are the cause of growths in the neck and armpits, but this is a misconception.
Reasons for the appearance
Overgrowth of polyps causes HPV. It is quite widespread and occurs in over 70% of the population.
The incubation period of papillomavirus can be up to several years, so a person can be a carrier of the virus without even knowing it.
The papillomavirus is manifested by growths on the neck under the influence of certain factors:
- Deterioration of immunity. . . This is the main cause of the appearance of neoplasms, which occurs in all patients. The regularity of colds increases, the process of remission is long-term.
- Gastrointestinal tract disorderscaused, among other things, by intoxication, dysbiosis or intestinal infections.
- Allergic exacerbations. . . The human body expends a lot of energy on allergen resistance, so that HPV can become active.
- Metabolic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, obesity, gout.
- Stressful situations. . . Conditions such as overexcitation of the nervous system are inevitably accompanied by the depletion of the body's resources and create a favorable environment for the virus to reproduce.
Important!The papilloma virus can remain viable outside the human body for some time, especially in an environment with high enough humidity. Therefore, it is important to respect the rules of hygiene on the beach, steam room, swimming pool, sauna or gym.
Ways to infect children
The papilloma virus can enter a child's body in the following ways:
- Congenital. . . The disease is transmitted from the mother during fetal development or during childbirth.
- Contact and housekeeping. . . A child is infected with an HPV carrier through toys, ordinary dishes, touch, underwear.
- Autoinfection. . . A common way when personal hygiene is not respected. Infection is possible if a child pulls burrs and bites his nails, selects dry wounds, does not wash his hands.
Children are often infected in preschools, which is facilitated by a large number of contacts. In addition, the appearance of neoplasms on the neck causes high humidity in the air, so infection is possible after visiting the pool or bath.
Means of infection for adults
In adults, there are more sources of infection. They can transmit the virus:
- Household items. . .
- Hand shake. . .
- Thereforesexual contact. . .
- Infection also occurs bycuts,cracksorerosionon the skin.
- Active virions appear on the neck, usually due toblood microcirculation dysfunctiondue to wearing a tight bra, scarves, tight clothing. . .
- Increased sweating withusing various cosmetics in the neckline areacreates favorable conditions for the spread of HPV. Under its action, the cells of the epidermis grow rapidly, leading to the appearance of papillomas.
Important!Human papillomavirus often penetrates through personal hygiene items, so eyebrow tweezers, manicure / pedicure sets, and razor should be strictly individual.
Types of papillomas
Papillomas can look different, which depends on the type of neoplasm or its size. There are large or small growths, single or multiple, localized or in clusters covering the entire neck.
The appearance of papillomas is possible in absolutely any place of the neck and over time they can spread to the chest and face, armpits, arms and back. Such changes mean an active multiplication of the virus and the progression of the disease, insufficient immune strength.
The growth of the skin may differ from the structure, therefore, there are:
- Dish- neoplasms rise above the skin, have a yellowish, pink or brown color. Usually, small papillomas appear on the neck, no larger than 5 mm in diameter.
- Skinny- first, a yellowish bump appears, which lengthens and grows, turning into a leg with a balloon at the end. It looks like a drop.
- VulgarorEasy, usually called warts - brownish, round growths appear on the neck, rising a few millimeters above the skin.
The type of papilloma depends on the type and activity of the virus, and the resistance of the body determines the number and size of the formations.
The diagnosis takes into account the characteristic aspect. Usually the body of the neoplasm is attached to the body with a thin leg, sometimes it looks like flat warts. However, to make a more accurate diagnosis, a smear or scrape is performed, which allows you to examine the biomaterial for the presence of viral particles.
At this stage, not only the virus is determined, but also the risk of degeneration of the papilloma into a malignant neoplasm.
Before starting treatment for a papilloma of the neck, it is recommended to consult a dermatovenerologist, since HPV can have oncogenic properties, and in the case of a malignant form, home treatment is contraindicated.
To get rid of papilloma, you can use special pharmaceuticals. However, the handling of such drugs requires extreme caution, as it is strongly recommended to avoid contact with healthy skin.
Careless use of the product can cause burns, scars, keloid scars.
At home, the following modern means of treating papillomas can be used:
- Cauterizing solutions.Apply punctually with a fine wooden stick or toothpick. For the treatment of small formations with a diameter of not more than 2 millimeters, one use of the product is sufficient.
To remove large growths, the solution is applied 3-4 times, 1 layer is applied, then they wait for drying and repeat the procedure.
- A mixture of dimethyl ether and propane.The principle of action of the tool is cryotherapy. The drug is applied to the papilloma with an applicator (after use it is thrown away), usually one application is enough. The kit includes 12 applicators, so you can use it to treat multiple growths at once.
If there is no result after just one application, you can repeat the procedure 2 more times.
- Special plaster for papillomas, which contains salicylic acid and sulfur in the composition. Their action has a keratolytic effect.
Before treating the growths with a bandage, you should spray the skin after taking a hot bath. The plaster should be stored for two days. The neoplasm can immediately disappear with the plaster, and if it remains on the neck, you should spray its skin and lightly rub it with a hard washcloth or pumice stone.
- Salicylic acid- ointment and 10% solution. The solution is sprinkled with a match, daily until the formation softens. After its treatment, it is recommended to apply a bandage for several hours.
Salicylic acid ointment is applied in a thin layer, then covered with a towel and fixed with a bandage. The course of treatment is usually 2-3 weeks, the procedures should be carried out every 2 days.
Important!To avoid damage to healthy tissue when applying the solutions, the adjacent area should be treated with zinc paste. After the procedure, it can be easily removed with gauze.
Withdrawal from the clinic
If the growth increases sharply, this is a sign that you need to contact a specialized clinic, since no doctor can immediately determine the causes of the growth. The reasons for the worsening of the situation are always individual and are identified by a blood test and a biopsy.
There are several methods for the clinical removal of papillomas:
- Cryodestruction.This method involves freezing the papilloma at a low temperature.
The procedure is carried out with a cotton swab moistened with liquid nitrogen, which is applied to the neoplasm for a few seconds. The procedure gives unpleasant and somewhat painful sensations, however, it is quite tolerable. No anesthesia is applied.
A day later, at the site of cauterization, you can see a bladder, which must be opened independently with a needle from a disposable syringe, having previously treated the skin with an antiseptic. Then for a week the wound should be treated with brilliant green twice a day.
- Laser surgery.It is a modern and painless method that does not involve contact of medical instruments and the skin. The laser beams cauterize the polyp, simultaneously stopping the bleeding and disinfecting the growth site. The procedure does not cause complications and does not leave scars or burns.
- Electrocoagulation.The accumulation is burnt by the electric current. On the third day after the procedure, a dry crust appears, which falls off within a week.
The advantages of this method include the possibility of histological examination of the papilloma.
- Plasma coagulation.The papilloma is removed with a plasma beam. The neoplasm slowly evaporates, by 0. 1 mm, when exposed to a flow of bactericidal ozone. This is a non-contact method of treatment that excludes infection of the injury site.
After the procedure, it is forbidden to spray the skin, moisten the site of the removed polyp, remove the appeared crust and exclude sunlight.
The regeneration process can be accelerated by lubricating the neck with an antiseptic. You can also use an antibacterial powder for external use.
The following methods are considered to be effective methods of removing neoplasms:
- Infusion of celandine with dry herbs, young potato shoots and thuja shoots. . . All ingredients should be taken in equal proportions and filled with alcohol. Insist for about 2 weeks, after which the growths are lubricated once a day. In this case, you need to apply the product, wait for them to dry, and then repeat the manipulation.
- Freshly cut celandine, string, dandelion or chaga juice. . . They are applied several times a day until the formation softens. Then the treated area should be sealed with a plaster. You can also use castor oil, sour apple pomace, ammonia.
- Infusioncelandine and olive oil. . . The grass should be harvested during the flowering period, cut into pieces and filled with oil in a 1: 1 ratio. The remedy is insisted for a month. Papillomas should be lubricated at least 4 times a day.
- An effective anti-inflammatory agent isinfusion of herbs: horsetail, nettle, lemon balm, dandelion root and plantain leaves. . . For cooking, pour 3 tablespoons of boiling water with a liter. l. dry collection. Take 20 g before meals for 10 days.
It is also recommended to use decoctions that improve immunity and have a tonic effect. For example, decoctions of echinacea and rose hips are useful.
The scheme of any treatment should be agreed with a specialist. He will design a course to include removing the papillomas themselves from the patient's neck and taking antiviral drugs.
Removing the material on its own will not bring a permanent result, and the neoplasms will reappear after some time. And the use of antiviral agents alone will not allow you to quickly remove the growths, since the removal of this virus from the body is a very difficult process.
An important step in the treatment of HPV is to strengthen the human immune system. For this, various teas, infusions (chamomile, echinacea, rosehips, lemon, currants) and vitamin complexes in pharmacies are suitable.
Treatment should start with concomitant chronic illnesses, if any, then it is easier for the body to cope with the virus without wasting energy on solving minor problems.
In addition, growths should not be torn, punctured or cut. However, if this still happens, it is necessary to take all measures to avoid getting the infection:
- Wash one's hands.
- Take a cotton ball, moisten with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
- Then you need to attach the disc to the wound, soak it well.
- You can apply a special antiseptic to the wound.
- Cover the affected area with a bactericidal bandage.
If you have not started treatment and are simply planning to see a doctor, it is best to keep the torn papilloma so that the doctor can examine it and establish the HPV parameters.
If the growths itch and the skin around them hurts, you should tell your doctor. These symptoms can be evidence of degeneration of the formation into a malignant tumor. In this case, current treatment measures may be ineffective and should be replaced.
The papilloma virus can cause complications. These complications not only bring a feeling of discomfort, but can also pose a serious threat to human life and health.
These complications include:
- Inflammation of the papilloma- with inflammation of the wart, the skin around it becomes swollen, turns red, the person feels discomfort and pain. Such a phenomenon must be eliminated and the most common can contribute to it. hygiene products-peroxideandsoap, as well as on the neck should fallFresh air. . .
- Papilloma lesion- a perforated, torn or cut wart is dangerous with a risk of infection and the appearance of an inflammatory process. Frequent injuries can also contribute to the degeneration of healthy skin cells into cancers.
- Malignancy- the process of transition of papillomas to a malignant form, as a result of which the appearance of a cancerous tumor is possible. If left untreated, it can affect lymph and blood circulation and spread to healthy skin on the neck.
It is impossible to completely protect yourself from infection with the human papillomavirus. It easily enters the human body and parasitizes, usually without manifesting itself in any way and without causing disturbance.
To reduce the risk of infection, the following rules should be followed:
- Regularly wipe your hands and neck with antibacterial wipes.
- Keep your hands clean at all times. Wash them after visiting public toilets, air dry them or dry them with disposable towels.
- Don't wear someone else's clothes or slippers, don't use someone else's bathroom accessories.
- Watch your skin - treat micro injuries and remove burrs in a timely manner.
In summary, it should be noted that today there is no treatment for the radical removal of the papilloma virus from the human body. However, growths that appear due to HPV infection can be cured with physical, pharmaceutical, and traditional methods.
At the same time as the main treatment, it is necessary to carry out a general improvement in the body: to increase physical activity, strengthen immunity, stop drinking alcohol and smoking.