Warts on the body are caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The nature of neoplasms, structure and area of localization are closely related to the modification of the virus. These characteristics should be taken into account when choosing a remedy for warts. A properly selected treatment regimen will help stop the spread of the virus and prevent the risk of repeated relapses.
Reasons for the appearance
Warts and papillomas are caused by various strains of the virus, differ in a variety of shapes, shades and sizes, form on various parts of the body, or infect mucous membranes. The pathogen enters the body on contact through minor damage to the epidermis (small wounds, scratches, abrasions). Reproduction of the virus occurs in the lower basal layer of the epithelium. By stimulating the active division of infected cells, it causes the growth of the epidermis. As a result, characteristic growths appear on the skin, which can spread and relapse.
The virus is only activated when the body's defenses are weakened. A strong immune system successfully destroys infected cells and suppresses the multiplication of HPV. As a result, the pathogen goes into "sleep" mode and only wakes up under certain conditions. For example, after past illnesses, severe stress, severe hypothermia and other adverse factors.
Warts on the face or open areas of the body are not cosmetic, they cause psychological problems. If the growth is accidentally damaged, there is a risk of malignancy (malignant transformation). Therefore, experts advise to get rid of viral formations with the help of special drugs or hardware methods. The dermatologist will advise an effective remedy for warts, taking into account the type and structure of the neoplasm, the area of localization and other individual characteristics of the patient.
Remedies for papillomas and warts in pharmacies
The doctor will prescribe pharmaceuticals after a diagnostic examination. If infection with the papilloma virus is confirmed, a treatment regimen is selected that includes the following groups of drugs:
- Antiviral - they work to destroy the virus, block its reproduction and spread.
- Immunomodulator - strengthens the immune system, stimulates the body to fight the virus.
- Keratolytic - preparations of this group provide softening and exfoliation of the upper stratum corneum of neoplasms.
- Necrotizing (mummifying) agents based on aggressive acids or alkalis with a cauterizing effect.
- Cryopreparations - destroy the tissue of neoplasms due to exposure to cold.
Treatment of warts and papillomas should be comprehensive. It is important not only to get rid of skin manifestations, but also to eliminate the very cause of the pathology. Only in this case is it possible to prevent the spread of the virus and the reappearance of new formations.
Pharmacy wart remedies are presented in various dosage forms - gels and ointments, alcohol and aqueous solutions, plasters, tablets, aerosols with a freezing substance.
The best remedies for warts
How do you make the right choice and get the most effective drug? This will facilitate a consultation with a dermatologist and an overview of popular drugs used in the treatment of neoplasms of a viral nature.
Antiviral and immunostimulant drugs
Treatment of warts and papillomas should begin with the removal of the pathogen that causes the proliferation of pathological cells. For this purpose, the patient is prescribed drugs, the action of which is aimed at fighting the virus and increasing the resistance of the body.
The drugs can cause side effects on the nervous, genitourinary and digestive systems. Therefore, when taking the tablets, you should strictly follow the instructions.
The most famous and inexpensive remedy with a keratolytic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect is an ointment that contains salicylic acid. Treatment with ointment should be regular and prolonged. It is necessary to treat the growths up to three times a day, followed by the application of a bandage that enhances the effect of the drug. This remedy has few contraindications, but sometimes side effects occur during the application process - a burning sensation, itching, the appearance of rashes. Before the next application, the top softened layer on the growth should be removed and wiped off the skin with an antiseptic solution.
A special patch is good not only for calluses and corns, but also in the fight against painful plantar warts. The substance, applied on a paper basis, consists of sulfur and salicylic acid, which provides a disinfecting and exfoliating effect.
Such a patch is very convenient to use - it is enough to attach it to the growth. Then you just need to change it every 2 days, each time removing the soft stratum corneum of the wart. Sulfur, entering the wart tissue, causes the infected cells to die, and the growth gradually dries up. This remedy works rather slowly. It will take at least 2 weeks to remove a small wart.
Means to remove papillomas and warts with a necrotizing effect are considered the most effective. They contain a combination of acids or alkalis that cause tissue necrosis. As a result, the wart or papilloma dies and disappears in a short time. These are aggressive products which, if not used correctly, can cause chemical burns. Before using such drugs, the skin around the neoplasm should be treated with petroleum jelly, zinc ointment or covered with a bandage.
A topical solution that contains a combination of acids (lactic, nitric, acetic, and oxalic) is effective against warts. The drug is intended for the removal of various forms of warts and papillomas. This product is made in ampoules with a volume of 2 ml. Care should be taken when using - contact with healthy skin may cause burns.
The penetration of the solution into the pathological tissues causes their dehydration and mummification. A slight burning sensation during treatment, followed by a color change of the buildup to dark brown, indicates that the drug is working. In just a few days, the wart dies and disappears. In this case, the active substances in the solution act only locally, do not enter the systemic circulation and do not have a toxic effect on the organism.
When using the solution, you should follow the instructions exactly, not exceeding the indicated doses, otherwise you can cause damage to the deep tissues of the dermis. The drug should not be used to treat multiple neoplasms, inflamed warts, or genital warts. Avoid contact with the solution on the skin and mucous membranes.
Before application, the build-up should be steamed, the top layer removed and dried with an alcohol solution. Then use the applicator to gently treat the wart. If the neoplasm has not darkened, the procedure should be repeated. To accelerate the death of a pathological formation, it is recommended to additionally wipe it with alcohol for several days. The dry scab that forms at the wart site cannot be pulled out, otherwise a scar may remain there. After a few days, the scab will go away on its own.
An alkaline solution with celandine has a cauterizing and mummifying effect based on sodium hydroxide and bicarbonate chloride. The active substances burn the tissues of warts, cause necrosis and rejection of its tissues. The solution is applied to the previously steamed and cleaned outgrowth and left until completely absorbed.
To remove a small neoplasm, a course of three days is enough. Soon the wart will darken, dry out and fall off. This remedy is the best for removing plantar growths or warts on the hands.
A number of drugs have a similar cauterizing and necrotic effect.
You can use antiseptics with a cauterizing effect based on silver nitrate. The advantages of these tools are availability, security and ease of use.
Silver nitrate has powerful bactericidal and antiseptic properties, inhibits the reproduction of the papilloma virus, destroys pathological formations due to the coagulation of cellular proteins. Before using the pencil, you need to slightly moisten its tip with water, and then carefully process the accumulation. This eliminates the risk of accidental ingestion of chemicals on healthy tissue. The wart needs to be treated daily until it turns black and falls off.
The principle of action of drugs of this group is similar to the method of removing warts with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction). Pathological tissues are exposed to low temperatures, leading to their destruction. Cryopreparations for household use are produced in the form of aerosol cans with a special applicator for applying the freezing composition.
Cryopreparation cannot be used to remove warts on the skin of the face, neck, mammary glands or genitals. Freezing agents should be used according to the instructions. It is forbidden to increase the exposure time, since it is possible to damage the dermis to great depth and cause the formation of scars.
Folk remedies for warts
In addition to pharmaceutical preparations, viral neoplasms can be removed with folk remedies. For this purpose, solutions of alkalis or acids are used, herbal agents are used.
Celandine juice has powerful antiseptic and antiviral properties. Penetrating into the wart tissue, it cauterizes and destroys infected cells, suppressing the spread of the virus. When harvesting a plant, it should be borne in mind that celandine is poisonous, and contact of the juice on unprotected skin can cause burns. To remove a wart or papilloma, you need to extract the juice from the cut of the plant, apply it to the growth, and wait for it to dry completely. Repeat the treatment until the formation dries.
For the treatment of warts, fresh celandine juice or products based on it are used - tincture, oil, ointment. You can make them yourself or buy them at the drugstore. You can find more information on folk recipes and methods of treatment with celandine in the article on our website dedicated to this topic.
The papilloma virus is destroyed in an acidic environment, so it is recommended to use vinegar (table, apple cider) to combat warts. You can simply apply it daily on the growth or make compresses. To do this, moisten a gauze napkin with vinegar, apply to the wart, fix it with a bandage and leave for 2-3 hours.
To combat skin growths at home, you can use essential oils (lemon, tea tree), extracts or juice of aloe, onion, garlic. The papillomavirus does not like an alkaline environment. For daily treatment, a solution of baking soda is advised, which will dry out the neoplasm and suppress the growth of pathological tissues.
The use of any means for the treatment of papillomas and warts should be approached with caution. Many of them are aggressive and, if not used properly, can lead to unwanted complications. It is better to first consult a dermatologist, clarify the diagnosis, and then proceed only to medical procedures.